It still seems to be widely believed that volume comes from air, effort,and more air. Some singers (and teachers), still believe that the chest resonates (which it barely does at all), and this gives us volume. Volume in fact comes primarily from the mask resonators at the front of the face. Among these most importantly are the hard palate, and the naso-pharynx which is the space behind the sinus’. The higher a note, the further it projects. The mask produces a series of over tones known as the singers frequency formant. These overtones occur when we access the mask area. Many are so high,(as much as 3 hertz or more), that the ear can’t even distinguish them from the primary tone. Still, these higher tones help to project the singers sound. Now,….how do we get those over tones to work? Discovery is a chief approach. Using “meow’ like a cat, ascend up the scale on a five note descending scale, from sol to do. Notice that as you get higher, the mask starts dulling. This is the area that needs development in order to mix properly. Another helpful phrase is “nya’. The ‘n” accesses the hard palate, and the “y’ helps to bring the sound forward . Practicing these ascending and descending will help develop this mask quality. The key here though is to mix. Don’t just use the mask alone unless you’d like to sound like Ethel Merman. The trick is to balance off any mask with loft. We need the tone to be round. Does that make sense? So, if your using more air to create your volume, stop….and practice accessing the mask area instead. You’ll be amazed at the results. AND as always, use DolceVoce honey / lemon throat spray. It tastes great and it really works!